Rhinitis & Rhinosinusitis

Inflammation of Nasal Mucous Membrane

There are two types of rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane): allergic rhinitis and non-allergic rhinitis. Symptoms usually include runny and/or itchy nose and sneezing. At Miya & Torchinsky ENT we are able to diagnose and treat symptoms caused by rhinitis and Rhinosinusitis.

Allergic Rhinitis

This is an over-reaction to non-infections allergens such as pollen, mold, dust, pet dander, tobacco smoke, certain foods and medicines, and insect venom. When this reaction occurs, antibodies, typically immunoglobin E (IgE), attach to cells that release histamine (mast cells). These cells are located in the lungs, skin and mucous membranes. When the cells release histamine, the body’s blood vessels open, causing redness on the skin and membranes to swell. When this happens in the nose, the result is sneezing and congestion.

Seasonal allergic rhinitis

More commonly known as hay fever, usually occurring in the late spring or summer. Seventy-five percent of Americans suffer from seasonal allergic rhinitis, which is caused by the hypersensitivity to ragweed. Typically if you are allergic to tree pollen you will have symptoms in March or April; whereas, if you are allergic to mold spores, you will experience symptoms in October and November. Perennial allergic rhinitis causes sufferers to experience symptoms all year-round.

Non-allergic rhinitis

This type of rhinitis is not caused by Ig2 or an allergic reaction. Symptoms are usually caused by tobacco smoke and/or other pollutants. Intense smells, alcohol and cold can all be triggers. Triggers in the body may also cause symptoms, such as a nose blockage, deviated septum, infections, and over-use of decongestants.

If you feel that you suffer from any of these types of Rhinitis contact Miya & Torchinsky today to schedule a consultation!